Some features that can be said about bees are that they do not have a very long life, ability to analyze complex events even though they have small brains, female bees are most effective in honey production, honey bees can have emotions and act accordingly…
Here are the curious about bees:
How Honey is Formed
Honey is a miraculous healing store obtained by collecting nectars on flowers, leaves or buds on the plants in nature, and by filling them in hexagonal eyes in the hives by going through a number of processes in the abdomen of the bee.
Bees are social beings like humans and live in colonies. In family life, division of solidarity and hard work are the basic rules. This family has 3 basic members. The first and foremost is the Queen bee. There is only one queen bee in a hive, it is the indispensable individual of a colony. In a hive without queen bees, the whole order and system is broken and the bee colony is disposed of.
Worker bees are also indispensable for a colony. All worker bees are made up of female bees. The average weight of a worker bee is 75 milligrams. With this calculation, about 15,000 worker bees correspond to only 1 kg. These worker bees, which are extremely light beings, can carry half the pollen of their own body weight. These pollen are one of the important foods of the bee. They can carry nectar as much as 2 times their own body weight. Nectar is a naturally occurring substance in plants. They take this substance and process this nectar through the enzymes in it and turn it into honey and fill it with these eyes in the combs. A worker bee can make 12/1 of a teaspoon of honey during his 42-day life. In other words, how much worker bees work can be estimated to obtain 1 kg of honey.
A honey bee visits 50-100 flowers on a one-time pollen collection trip. Bees communicate with each other by dancing. The honey bee dances to the other honey bee to indicate where nectar and pollen are. Honey bees flap 11,400 times a minute, which is the reason for the buzz sound.
As most beekeepers know, bees are given bee cake. This bee cake contains a mixture of honey, sugar and bee vitamins. When the bee cake is given to the bees, they meet the nectar they cannot find in nature or the nectar and pollen needs that are not sufficient from the bee cake. They fill in the honeycombs and bring them to the service of people. This is a technique that must be applied.
Drones are the strangest bees in the hive. Drones do not have a sting. In other words, it cannot fight other bees, worker bees or queen bees. The work of these bees is to fertilize only the queen bee during the spring period, in the early spring period, when the bees go to the son, and when the queen bee leaves and goes to mating. They have no other jobs. They can neither make honey in the hive nor go out and collect pollen (jaw structures are not suitable for this). When they are in the hives, they only have some simple tasks with the aim of balancing the heat of the hive. Once they are done, they are destroyed from the hive.
The sticks on the back of the bees are attached to their bodies. Bees use their sticks mostly during the fight against their own breeds. It is a defense mechanism that they often use to protect themselves when they encounter other bees or insect breeds. When the bee encounters a creature that it sees as a threat, it can insert its needle and pull it back. But when that needle enters a human, the needle stays where the needle sticks because the human flesh is tight, and because the needle is created adhered to the bee’s body, the back of the bee is separated and dies. Bee knows that he will die as a result of stinging man. But if he sees man as a threat, he risks dying to protect his home, home and generation.
Bees do not sting, unless they perceive a danger. They never tend to sting. At times, they stimulate the senses of danger loudly, then they make a collective noise. If they still feel that there is a danger, they try to frighten what they see to be dangerous, by flying and hitting the place where the danger comes from. Despite all these warnings of the bees, if they still think that the danger continues, they make a death strike as a last resort.
The bee sting contains a mild poisonous substance. There is no situation that will adversely affect human health. But some people are hypersensitive to bee stings or have allergic effects. Therefore, when a bee stings people with such sensitivity, urgent medical attention may be required. It is recommended that they stay away from bees and beekeeping.
Shortly after the bee stings, harmful effects can be minimized if an ammonia is applied to the sting area. Bees are one of the most wise men, including humans, in the world. Nahl means bee in arabic. There are verses written about bees in the Holy Quran.
Interesting Features About Bees
Queen bee is the most important individual that ensures the continuation of the colony and the reproduction of bees in the hive with its spawning feature. The queen bee has wings but cannot fly because her body is too heavy. The egg weight that the queen bee lays in one day can reach 20 times its own weight. The bee can pull 330 times the body weight.
Worker bees are known to have a lifetime of 42 days. Worker bees receive in-hive services within the first 21 days. These are hive cleaning, feeding and care of the queen bee, making the environment ready for the queen bee to make eggs. A worker bee does not come out of the hive for 21 days. In the first 4 days, the queen escorts the bee and meets the need of royal jelly for the queen bee. In the other 21 days of their lives, they go to the field and collect nectar and pollen from the field for 21 days.
The task of drones is to fertilize the queen bee. They reach adulthood from eggs in 24 days. After the son season is over, the duties in the hive are also finished. Towards the autumn, the workers are thrown out of the hive by bees and are thus left to die. Drones cannot defend themselves because they don’t have organs like venom glands and sticks.
Bees have eyes, antenna and feeding organs in their heads. The chest and abdomen are connected to the chest, which is the two parts of the head body, with a thin playful neck. The bee has a honeycomb-shaped pair of compounds and 3 simple eyes. Each simple eye consists of thousands of small units. The composite eye consists of over 3,000 simple eyes combining in queen bee, 4,000 in worker bee and 8,000 in male bee. In other words, a bee’s 8,000 different feelings come together and this constitutes only one eye of the bee.
There is a pair of antenna in the beginning. These antennas provide sense of smell, taste and touch. Thanks to their nerve endings, they have the ability to perceive wind speed and air temperature in addition to these senses. The bees’ senses are so sensitive that they can smell the honey even from a distance of 2 km. They understand and feel very well where honey, nectar and pollen are. These bees can speed up to 50 km in 1 hour.
In order to produce 1 kg of honey, 40,000 bees must be put into the flower 6 million times. Honey bees can collect nectar of 100 million flowers in order to fill a honeycomb. If a honeycomb is completely filled, we are talking about bees that flap 100 thousand km and collect nectar from 100 million flowers and turn them into honey. This allows human beings to understand how miraculous resources they have about bees. While the fastest computers in the world can perform 16 billion arithmetic operations per second, the bee has the capacity to perform 10 trillion operations per second.
In order for a colony to produce 1 kg of honey, it must make a flight equivalent to rotating around the world 6 times. A flying bee needs 0.5 milligrams of honey for energy per kilometer. A bee can cover 3 million km with 1 liter of honey at a speed of 25 km and flapping wings 200-250 times per second.