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Types of Bees

There are about 20,000 different types of bees in the world. Bees live in colonies and there are three types of bees in each colony. Queen bee, worker bee and drones. Worker and queen are both female, but only queen can breed. Worker bees clean the hive, collect pollen and nectar to feed the colony, and take care of the offspring. The only job of drones is to match the queen. The queen’s only job is to lay eggs.

Honey Bee (Apidae Family)

honey bee | types of bees

Honey bees are classified as “traveling” bees, as they usually live in colonies of about 50,000 to 60,000 workers. There are 10 types of honeybees and a hybrid worldwide: African bee. The European Honey Bee is usually kept by beekeepers in the West, which collects their honey.

As with many types of bees, honey bees also have problems, namely Colony Collapse Disorder or ‘lost bees’. Honey bees play an important role in protection together with beekeepers. Honey bees are also used in product pollination and together with other bees, they help to put food on our plates.

Drone (Male) Bee

Erkek Arı

Drone is a male types of bees. Unlike female worker bees, drones have no sting and do not collect neither nectar nor pollen. The main role of a drone is to mate with an unfertilized queen.

Worker (Female) Bee

İşçi Arı

Worker bees are female and can multiply. They do all the work in the hive and control most of the hive. Their jobs include cleaning, feeding the queen and larvae, collecting pollen and nectar, and making wax. These types of bees live only six weeks in peak season because they work hard.

Worker bees are shorter and thinner than drones (drones) and the queen, and their hind legs have special baskets to help collect pollen. Like the queen, they also have needles, but they can only insert mammals once and then die. However, they can repeat other insects repeatedly to protect the hive.

Kraliçe Arı

Queen Bee

The queen bee is the female reproductive “leader” of the colony among the social types of bees. Bees are susceptible to insects, with many wasps and ants. These species with social colonies are structured in a caste system. There is a division of work among the colony members to ensure that all critical colony needs are met.

The queen honeybee is responsible for releasing all the eggs needed to produce new bees and develop the colony. The only egg-laying member of the colony is the queen bee. It also directs behavior, work tasks, and the balance of the colony population to ensure it is structurally sound. It communicates with a variety of pheromones, whose guidelines determine the behavior of certain bees, which are chemicals and some colony members are workers, some are drones and others are potential queens.
Pheromone: It is a chemical substance that regulates social relations between members of the same species.

Bombus Arısı

Bumblebee (Apidae Family)

Most bumble bee colonies are between 50 and 400 workers, but usually between 120 and 200 bees. On the right, Bombus lucorum – White-tailed bumblebee. Most species are wild, but there are also “social parasites” species known as “cuckoo bumblebees”. These parasitic wasps live in the nests of other wasp hosts.

Bumblebees are also excellent pollinators of all kinds of flowers. Their effectiveness as pollinators is partly dependent on hairy body shapes, but they also have the ability to ‘pollinate’.

Yellow Bee (Apis Mellifica)

yellow bees | types of bees

Yellow bees have a yellow and black color scheme.

They live in slots made of paper cardboard that can grow in size of basketball ball. A slot contains a series of round paper combs attached one after the other and covered with a multi-layer envelope. Depending on the species, the nest can be close to the air, such as plant roots, stumps or timber and can be attached to bushes, houses, garages or porches.

Yellow bees do not attack their nests unless they are threatened. They are considered useful insects, as they control many types of pest insects. However, control is guaranteed if its slots are near a structure.
Remember, it is not recommended to remove an insect nest on your own and doing so can be very dangerous. Instead, work with a licensed pest expert to access your property and nest, identify the type of insect (such as wasps or other dangerous needles), and determine the best way to eliminate the threat to your family.

Wasp Bee

Yaban Arısı

Hornet, a species of wasp, is colored brown with yellow or reddish markings.
Wasps nests are usually in the form of an umbrella and are never encapsulated. Nests are usually made of branches and branches of trees and shrubs, porch ceilings, door frames, canopies, deck floors, balustrades, etc. it is suspended.

If a nest is touched, you are more likely to be stung, although wasps are not typically an aggressive wasp species. Wasps are considered useful insects because they control many types of pests. However, control is guaranteed if its slots are near a structure.

Leaf Cutter and Mason Bees (Megachilidae Family)

Types of bees

These types of bees are only bees. With lonely bees, a single female partner usually establishes only one nest and provides the egg cells, which will be larvae.

However, some lonely bees live in a simple society (or social group) in a sense, so that several individual bees can nest close to each other and even share nesting and foraging tasks in some cases! Mason bees like to nest in cracks, sometimes in old mortar, hollow stems like leaf-cutting bees and ready-made holes in wood.

Digging Bees and Carpenter Bees (Apidae Family)

Marangoz Arılar

These are also lonely bees and good pollinators. As expected, digging bees often make their nests in the ground. They have hairy stems and can be 3 cm long!

Carpenter bees change. Some species in the U.S. may have, for example, a ginger brown, hairy stem, or have predominantly black glossy bodies. This picture (right) is a carpenter types of bees found in Italy and some other Southern European countries. This is called ‘Violet Carpenter Bee’. He likes to nest on the old board. Recently, it is a common types of bees in England.

Miner Bees (Andrenidae Family)

Madenci Arılar

Miner bees belong to a completely different bee family, which should not be confused with ‘Digging Bees’. It is a giant bee family consisting of thousands of types of bees in the world. Miner bees are alone, but females often nest very close to each other.

You probably guessed from the name that miner bees dig underground tunnels and cells. If you’re lucky, you can see evidence of them in your garden: lawns, borders, and even very little pile of soil in pots that look a bit like worm throws. They generally prefer sandy soil. They are harmless and indeed, miner bees should be welcome in the garden. They are also valuable plant and flower pollinators.

Carniola Honey Bee (Apidae Family)Karniola Bal Arısı

The carniola honey bee from Central Europe has become a preferred bee stock in America for various reasons. First, explosive spring deposits allow this breed to grow rapidly in the population and take advantage of flowers that are earlier in spring compared to other stocks. Secondly, they can be worked with extremely sensitive and little smoke and protective clothing. Thirdly, they are less prone to looting other honey colonies, reducing the transmission of disease between colonies. Finally, they are very good wax comb manufacturers that can be used for products such as candles, soaps, cosmetics.

However, due to their rapid accumulation, carniola bees tend to have a high tendency towards flocks (efforts to reduce overcrowding) and therefore can leave the beekeeper with a very weak honey crop. This stock requires constant attention to prevent the loss of flocks.

Caucasian Bee (Apidae Family)

Kafkas Arısı

The Caucasus is a honey bee race native to the foothills of the Ural mountains near the Caspian Sea in Eastern Europe. It was once popular in the United States, but has fallen over the past few decades. Its most remarkable feature is its very long tongue, which allows bees to feed on flowers that other bee stocks cannot reach for nectar. They tend to be a moderately colored bee and are extremely docile like the Carniolan. However, their slow spread prevents them from producing very large honey crops and tends to use excessive amounts of propolis.

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